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funeral bier, norfolk, churches,churchesofnorfolk, uk, transport

A Bier.

Churches of Norfolk Biers by the Old Boi


A bier is a stand on which a corpse, coffin, or casket containing a corpse, is placed to lie in state or to be carried to the grave. In Christian burial, the bier is often placed in the centre of the nave with candles surrounding it, and remains in place during the funeral. The bier is a flat frame, traditionally wooden  but sometimes of other materials. In antiquity it was often a wooden board on which the dead were placed, covered with a shroud. In modern times, the corpse is rarely carried on the bier without being first placed in a coffin or casket, though the coffin or casket is sometimes kept open. A bier is often draped with cloth to lend dignity to the funeral service. The modern funeral industry uses a collapsible aluminium bier on wheels, known as a "church truck" to move the coffin to and from the church or funeral home for services. Biers are generally smaller than the coffin or casket they support for reasons of appearance. As a result, they are not particularly stable, and can tip over unless well-centered and undisturbed.The Carmelite Priory at Medina, Malta, has a colorful bier on display that was used to carry the monks or friars before they were buried without a coffin. A bier for the dead was included among the parishioners' obligations by Winchelsey, while Bishop Walter de Cantilupe of Worcester stipulated that the parish bier should be entirely free of charge to all. On this wooden bier the corpse lay, covered with the funeral pall, during the Dirge and Requiem, and by it the body was carried from church to the grave. Little need be said about the bier for in no case is there any description of its appearance. Two hundred and twenty churches possess a single bier, and in six two are recorded in Norfolk. Note: Hickling has a hand-propelled bier/hearse acquired in 1907/1908 and built by H.W. Howes, of Norwich, it is shown in one of the images below. 

churchesofnorfolk by the Old Boi
funeral bier, norfolk, churches,churchesofnorfolk, uk, transport
funeral bier, norfolk, churches,churchesofnorfolk, uk, transport
funeral bier, norfolk, churches,churchesofnorfolk, uk, transport
funeral bier, norfolk, churches,churchesofnorfolk, uk, transport
funeral bier, norfolk, churches,churchesofnorfolk, uk, transport
funeral bier, norfolk, churches,churchesofnorfolk, uk, transport
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funeral bier, norfolk, churches,churchesofnorfolk, uk, transport
funeral bier, norfolk, churches,churchesofnorfolk, uk, transport
funeral bier, norfolk, churches,churchesofnorfolk, uk, transport