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Monastic remains of Norfolk by the Old Boi



Monastic remains of Norfolk by the Old Boi, I have always had a fascination for any religious building, whether it be from any of the UK countries or when travelling abroad. I have never though spent too much time in them and now at 61 wish I had. During my school years it was my aim to do "Builders and Their Buildings as a GCSE exam result, but in fact left school and became employed by the late owner of land near Litcham that has a private church. Above is a drawing that I drew from a book lent by a friend that I did in 1983, its a sketch of Great Cressingham Priory dated 1513.

  1. Acle-Weybridge Priory, Augustine Canons, Founded by Roger Bigot, 5th Earl of Norfolk, in the time of Edward I, Dedicated to Saint Mary. At the Dissolution it was valued at £7 13s 4d And was granted to the Duke of Norfolk. The remains consist of foundations only and the site is to the south-west of the new bridge over the River Bure, which carries the old road to Yarmouth. (The Acle Straight to locals).--------------------------
  2. Aldeby Priory, Monks of the Benedictine Order. Founded by Agnes, the wife of Robert de Rye, as a cell to the Priory of Norwich, in the reign of Henry I (1100). Dedicated to Saint Mary. At the Dissolution in 1534, it was valued with Norwich. Spiritualties were returned at £11 8s 10d., and the temporalties at £14 0s 61/2d the whole of the property came to the Crown and the Prior was made a prebendary of Norwich. The remains form part of Priory Farm premises. There was never a monastic church. The monks using the parish church, the eastern portion which they kept up. After the Dissolution the burden of upkeep had to be borne by the parishioners. In the cases of Binham and Wymondham the chancels were allowed to fall into decay at the Reformation. ------------------
  3. Attleborough, College and Chantry of Secular Canons. Founded by Sir Robert de Mortimer (circa 1287, Birthplace Attleborough, death Sept 25th 1387, relatives Sir Constantine de Mortimer, senior and Sibyl de braose, Margery Mortimer and Margery Fastolf, Shakespeare's inspirational family. William de Mortimer, Canon of Lincoln. By his Will dated 1387, he directed that 2000 marks should be appropriated to found a college and chantry for a master and four secular canons. Dedicated to honour of exaltation of the Holy Cross and the Church to the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. At the Dissolution it was valued at £21 16s 4d and granted to the Earl of Sussex, who is said to have pulled down the chancel of the church, though some later authorities have tried to make out that the chancel was destryed by the fall of the spire at a later date. Nothing remains of the college, the site being to the north-west of the churchyard. A much later building now occupies the site.--------------------
  4. Attlebridge, impropriate rectory and vicarage, belongs to Norwich Cathedral Priory.
  5. Bacton, Bromholme Priory, Bromholm Priory, also known as Bacton Abbey, was founded in 1113 by William de Glanville, Lord of Bacton, and was originally subordinate to Castle Acre Priory until 1195 when it was exempted by Pope Celestine III. From this priory we have the Bromholm Psalter dated to the early fourteenth century. The priory was suppressed in 1536. All that now remains are the ruins of the gatehouse, Chapter House, and the northern transept of the Priory Church. It was an important object of pilgrimage as it claimed to possess a piece of the True Cross, mentioned as the 'holy cross of Bromeholme' in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale and William Langland's Vision of Piers Plowman. It was a benefice of the Paston family and is featured in their letters. In 1940 the base of the central tower of the priory church was modified to act as a pillbox in case of German invasion. ---------------------
  6. Beeston Regis Priory, The Priory of Saint Mary was founded by Margery de Cressy in 1216 for a small community of four canons. The canons were ordained priests that followed the rule of St Augustine and belonged to the Order of Peterstone, a small and somewhat mysterious Norfolk-based religious order. One of their important roles was to act as parish priests for nearby churches.---------
  7. Binham Priory, Benedictine monks, priory cell dependent on saint Albans, Hertfordshire: founded circa.1091 (before 1093) by Peter de Valoines, (Between 1070 and 1076 Peter de Valognes was granted lands in the six counties of Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex and Lincolnshire. The most valuable lands were at Norfolk) manor granted by William the Conqueror; dissolved 1539; granted to Sir Thomas Paston; demolition ensued but the plan to build a mansion was abandoned; navel of conventual church in parochial use as the Priory Church of St Mary and the Holy Cross. Owned by NAT and EH Norfolk Archaeological Trust and English Heritage.----------------
  8. Blackborough, founded in 1150 by Roger de Scales and his wife Muriel, intended for the use of monks. Later, both nuns and monks were allowed in the priory. By 1200 the priory was dedicated for the sole use of Benedictine Nuns. The nunnery operated until the Dissulution of the monasteries in 1537. From 1200 until 1537 the priory had nineteen prioresses. The first being Avelina and the last being Elizabeth Dawney. Today, the ground that the priory was located on what is now a cattle farm.--------------
  9. Blakeney Friary, This is the site of a Carmelite Friary, founded in the late 13th or 14th century. The Friary was dissolved in 1538, and some sections of masonry survive in Friary Farmhouse. A length of medieval flint wall with a gateway survives on the site of the friary to the north of the farmhouse.--------------
  10. Bromehill Priory, The priory stood about a mile south-east of the village of Weeting, just to the north of the present site of Brandon railway station. In 1738 the historian Blomefield reported that the foundations and walls of the priory could be seen, and that "several stone coffins have been dug up". An Augustinian house, the priory was founded by Sir Hugh de Plaiz during the reign of King John and dedicated to St Mary and St Thomas the Martyr. In 7 Henry III the right to hold a fair was granted to the prior and brothers - the fair to be held on 7th July each year, that being the translation day of Thomas Becket. Sir Hugh endowed the house with a moiety of the manor of Weeting. This moiety became known as Bromhill Priory Manor. In 3 Edward I the prior was made lord of the manor. Over the succeeding years many bequests and gifts of land were made to the priory. The priory was closed as a result of a bull of Pope Clement VII dated 14 May 1528 and the lands and manor passed to the control of Cardinal Woolsey, along with many other parcels of lands in Norfolk and Suffolk. the cardinal soon fell from favour at court, and on 2 Jan 23 Henry VIII all these holdings were granted to the Master and Fellows of Christ's College, Cambridge. Source: Weeting History Group.---------------
  11. Buckenham Old Priory, was an Augustinian priory built on the site of Old Buckenham Castle at Old Buckenham. The priory was founded circa 1146 by William de Albini and his wife Queen Adeliza (widow of King Henry I). The foundation charter endowed the priory with the site of the old Buckenham Castle and the rectories of All Saints and St. Andrews in the manor of Buckenham. The priory was dedicated to St Mary, St James, and All Saints, and the canons were to follow the rule of the order of saint Augustine. Following further donations of land and other benefactions the abbey, by 1291, held property in 42 Norfolk parishes. The fraternity consisted of the prior and between eight and ten canons, supported by a number of temporal staff. The priory was suppressed in 1537 as part of the Dissolution of the Monastries carried out under King Henry VIII. Following the closure Sir Edmund Knevett, of Buckenham Castle, was granted a lease of the priory lands. The site is now part of Abbey Farm. All that remains above ground of the priory itself is a single lump of mortared flint.------------------
  12. Burgh Saint Peter Priory, in a meadow close to the parish church are the remains of a medieval building. These are described in Kelly's Directory as those of the Priory of Saint John. White is his History of Norfolk, refers to them as the remains of another church. Ordinance map, but nothing appears about them in Index Monasticus and Dugdale. ------------------------
  13. Burnham Norton Friary/Burnham Overy/ Burnham Thorpe, Carmelite Friars (community founded at Bradmer c.1241 (1242-1247); transferred from Bradmer 1253-1252); dissolved 1538; granted to William, Lord Cobham 1541-1542.---------------------------
  14. Caister next to Yarmouth, Trinity College and free Chapel and Saint Margaret's Chapel and College. At the eastern end of the quadrangle of Caister castle, with-in the area surrounded to the moat, are the remains of the College of Saint Margaret, founded by Sir John Fastolf in 1459, for seven priests and seven poor people, on the previous foundation of a free chapel attached to the Manor House, in the reign of edward I and dedicated to the Holy Trinity and Saint John the Baptist. According to Richard Taylor in his "Index Monasticus" this earlier foundation was also a College, buthe apparently fails to recognise that both were on the same site. It appears that the earlier foundation was outside the area enclosed by the original moat, and that the latter was increased at the time of the foundation of Saint Margaret's College, so as to attach it and enclose it with-in the same area and moat as the castle. At Dissolution in 1548, it was granted to Sir William Paston, Knight. To the south of the castle, outside the moat many foundations and human bones have been ploughed up from time to time. ----------------------------------------
  15. Carbrooke Magna, possibly Knights Templar possibly founded before 1173 by granted by the husband of Maud, Countess of Clare, with preceptory unfinished; Knights Hospitaller founded circa.1182: Maud, Countess of Clare granted churches of Saint Peter, Great Carbrook and Saint John the Baptist, Little Carbrook and manor of Carbrook; dissolved 1540; granted to Sir Richard Gresham and Sir Richard Southwell 1543- 1544,---------------------------------
  16. Carbrooke Parva, Sisters of the Order of St John of Jerusalem cell founded unknown, transferred to Buckland circa. 1180
  17. Carrow, by the River Wensum, there may still be discerned traces of the foundations of the great Norman Church of that important nunnery> Here on a February day in 1245 walter de Suffield, himself a Norfolk man, was consecrated Bishop of Norwich. Benedictine nuns (community founded at Norwich between 1100 and 1135); transferred here 1146, founded by two sisters of the earlier site which was granted land by King Stephen; dissolved 1536; granted to Sir John Shelton 1538; prioress's house incorporated into later residence; remains situated within the grounds of Reckitt and Colman's works. ----------------------
  18. Castle Acre, Cluniac monks alien house: dependent on Lewes Sussex. founded 1089 (or before 1085) by William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey; became denizen: independent from sometime between 1351 and 1374; dissolved 22 November 1537; granted to Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk 1537-1538; priors lodgings retained as a residence; passed into ownership of Sir Edward Coke, and remains in that family; in guardianship of Ministry of Works 1929; (English Heritage). ------------------------------------
  19. Choseley,
  20. Claxton
  21. Coxford
  22. Crabhouse Wiggenhall Saint Mary Magdelan, Augustinian Canonesses founded circa.1181 by Roger, prior, and canons of Ranham (Norman's Burrow) with the consent of their founder William de Lesewis (Leseurs) for the anchoress Lena; flooded and temporarily abandoned circa.1200; church and many buildings partly rebuilt 1402-4; rebuilt 1420-4; dissolved 1536; granted to Sir John Gage; house named 'Crabb's Abbey' built on site.------------------
  23. Creak North, The site was originally occupied by an almshouse for the poor, and was founded by the Augustinians as a priory in the 12th century. Voluntary grants of alms by the leading families of Nerford and Creake and by the faithful of the neighbourhood seem to have built up resources sufficiently to warrant elevation from Hospital to Priory and thence to Abbey, which happened in 1231. Henry III made a number of grants to Creake in its early years. Gifts of parish churches included Hapton and Wreningham, Gateley and St. Martin at Quarles and later in 1365 of St. Andrew, Great Ringstead.The heyday of the Abbey was during the fourteenth century when there were but six canons, though the Rule required in addition to the abbot, prior and cellarer, a cantor, sacrist and kitchener, refectorian, infirmarian, almoner, master of novices and guest master. According to Bedingfield, these posts may have been filled in rotation or plurality. There will have been junior canons and, from time to time, novices. There would finally be numerous servants, tailors, laundresses and their assistants, the messor, shepherds and cowherds for the farm, as well as residents of the hospital. Unlike some of the abbeys in the region, it was still fulfilling its hospital function as late as 1397. In 1483, a fire swept through the abbey, damaging the church and several of the other buildings, such that it was beyond the capacity of the convent to restore it. The abbot appealed to the king as patron of the house, and Richard III, 'moved with pite' gave the abbey by way of alms towards the rebuilding of the handsome sum of £46 13s.4d.--------------------------
  24. Dereham East,
  25. Dereham West,
  26. Docking Priory (Alien) The endowment charter of Eton College mentions the alien priory of Docking. It was a small cell of the Benedictine abbey of Ivry in France, to which house the church was appropriated. It was dissolved with other alien priories by the Parliament of Leicester in 1415, and was at first granted to Joan, the queen-dowager of England.------------------------
  27. Elmham North, once a city, and the seat of the Bishops of Norfolk from 673 to 1075, is now a large village and parish, pleasantly situated beside North Elmham church.
  28. Field Dalling Priory (Alien) founded 1138 by Maud de Harscolye: James de Sancto Hylario granted land to the abbey of the Holy Trinity, Savigny; Cistercian monks orders merged 17 September 1147; (referred to as a priory cell, but believed to be a grange); dissolved 1414; granted by the Crown to Epworth Priory; granted to the Spittle-on-the-Street, Lincolnshire; granted to the Carthusians of Coventry, Warwickshire (West Midlands); granted to the Carthusian priory of Mount Grace 1462; granted to Martyng Hastings and James Borne.
  29. Flitcham Priory, Flitcham Priory was a priory in first founded by Sir Robert III Aguilion. The Aguillon family, of French origin, were fuedal landowners in England who held estates in several southern counties from before 1135 to 1312. Surviving records suggest various branches which all ended without male heirs, the lands going to daughters or sisters and their husbands. The family seems to have been initially associated, perhaps as under-tenants and maybe through marriage, with the Marmion family, witnessing charters alongside them in Normandy in 1106 and later occupying their land in England. The English branches may spring from William Aguillon (died after 1147).
  30. Gayton Priory (Alien)
  31. Great Cressingham Priory, Onlinegallery state, Although the site is named "Priory Farm" there is no evidence that a religious building stood here. The building is an exquisite fragment of a larger brick house, built by John Jenney between 1542 and 1545. The two storey facade is dominated by three polygonal towers, which are covered with ornate terracotta panels. Each of these panels has a repeating emblem of a hand holding a hawk and wreath. The drawing I did was taken from a book Seasons of Norfolk and the sketch dated as 1513, pre-dating the Onlinegallery drawing. Although the house was known as Priory Farm, there was never a religious foundation on the site. This site is thought to be that of Risley's Manor, recorded from the 15th century, although the manor has also been linked to the Priory of Norwich.-------------------------
  32. Great Hautbois
  33. Haveringland-Mountjoy Priory
  34. Heacham Priory
  35. Hempton Priory
  36. Hickling Priory, the priory founded around 1185.
  37. Hilgay Modney Priory
  38. Horning-Saint Benet's Abbey
  39. Horsham Saint Faith's Priory
  40. Horstead Priory (Alien)
  41. Ingham Priory, secular canons collegiate, founded circa.1355 by Sir Miles Stapleton who was granted licence to enlarge church 1355;
    Trinitarian Canons, founded 1360, abandoned between 1534 and 1536; dissolved 1536; prospective purchaser falsely asserted the house to be of Crutched Friars; granted to the Bishop of Norwich 1544/5; The Swan Inn public house, adjacent to the church, also stands on the site of the priory.----------------------
  42. King's Lynn Priory of the Benedictine monks
  43. King's Lynn Priory of Black Friars
  44. King's Lynn Priory of Grey Friars
  45. King's Lynn Priory of White Friars
  46. King's Lynn Priory of Austin Friars
  47. King's Lynn Priory of the Sack
  48. Langley Abbey
  49. Lessingham Priory (Alien)
  50. Lyng
  51. Marham
  52. Massingham Great Priory
  53. Methwold Slevesholm Priory
  54. Middleton Blackborough
  55. Modney Priory Hilgay
  56. Molycourt Priory Outwell
  57. Mountjoy Priory Haveringland
  58. Norwich Benedictine Priory
  59. Norwich Saint Leonards Priory
  60. Norwich Saint Catherine's Priory
  61. Norwich Priory of Black Friars (Old)
  62. Norwich Priory of Black Friars (New)
  63. Norwich Priory of Grey Friars
  64. Norwich Priory of White Friars
  65. Norwich Priory of White Friars (Saint Martin)
  66. Norwich Priory of Austin Friars
  67. Norwich Priory of Friars of the Sack
  68. Norwich Priory of Friars of Our Lady
  69. Norwich Priory of Friars of the Blessed Mary, Saint Nicholas and All the Saints
  70. Norwich Carrow
  71. Pentney Priory
  72. Peterstone Priory Burnham Overy
  73. Prior's Thorns Priory Swaffham
  74. Rainham South Normansburgh Priory
  75. Rudham east Coxford Priory
  76. Saint Benet's Abbey
  77. Saint Faith's Priory, Horsham Saint Faith's
  78. Saint Wynwaloe's Priory
  79. Sheringham Priory
  80. Slevesholm Priory Methwold
  81. Snitterley Priory Blakeney
  82. Sporle Priory (Alien)
  83. Thetford Benedictine
  84. Thetford Priory of Cluniac Monks
  85. Thetford Priory of Canons of the Holy Sepulchre
  86. Thetford Priory of Black Friars
  87. thetford Priory of Austin Friars and Hermitage
  88. Toft Monks Priory (Alien)
  89. Waslingham Little Priory of Austin Canons
  90. Walsingham Little Priory of Grey Friars
  91. Well Priory Gayton
  92. Wendling Abbey
  93. Wereham Saint Winwaloe's Priory (Alien)
  94. Westacre Priory
  95. Weston Longville Priory
  96. Weybourne Priory
  97. Weybridge Priory Acle
  98. Winwaloe Priory (Alien)
  99. Witchingham Great Priory (Alien)
  100. Wormegay Priory
  101. Wretham west Priory (Alien)
  102. Wymondham Abbey