[google9e69c0a38572f0b4.html]
Saints A-Z
A quick rule: Saint Simon Zelotes, (Saw and Book), Saint Matthew, (with sword pointing downwards), Saint James the less, (with Club), Saint Jude, (with Boat), Saint James the Greater, (with Book and Scallop Shell), Saint Andrew, (with Saltire Cross), Saint Peter (with Keys), Saint John, (with Chalice), Saint Bartholomew, (with Knife), Saint Matthias, (with Axe) Saint Philip, (with Loaves), and Saint Thomas, (with Spear).

Agnes of Rome,

(c. 291- 304) known as being a Virgin Martyr, venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, the Anglican Communion and Lutheranism. She is one of the seven women who along with the Blessed Virgin, are commemorated by name in the Canon of the Mass. She is patron saint of chastity.

Agnes is depicted in art with a lamb, from the Latin word word for "Lamb", agnus.

She is also is also shown with a martyr's hand.

Agnes' feast day is January 21st.

In pre-1970 versions of the General Roman Calendar .


Saint Andrew,

Born 5 B.C
Place: Galilee, Roman Empire.
Died Mid- to late 1st century.
Patras, Achaia, Roman Empire.
Venerated in all of Christianity, canonised Apostolic age by Pre-congregation Major shrine Duomo Cathedral in Amafi, Italy.  Saint Andrew's Cathedral, Patras, Greece; Saint Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh, Scotland; the Church of Saint Andrew and Saint Albert, Warsaw, Poland.
Feast 30th November.
Attributes: Old man with long hair and beard, holding the gospel book or scroll, sometimes leaning on a saltire, fishing net.
Patronage: Scotland Barbados, Georgia, Ukraine, Russia, Sicily, Greece, Cyprus, Romania, Patras, San Andre's (Tenerife), Diocese of Paranague, Telhado (pt), Amalfi, Luga (Malta) and Prussia: Diocese of Victoria;  fishermen, fishmongers and rope-makers, textile workers, singers, miners, pregnant women, butchers, farm workers, protection against sore throats, protection against convulsions, protection against fever, protection against whooping cough.


Saint Edmund.

Reign.
25th December 855 (Traditionally) to 20 November 869 or (870)
Predecessor: Ethelweard.
Successor: Oswald
Born; around 841.
Died: Killed in Battle 20th November 869 or (870)
House: Unknown.
Father: Possibly Aethenweard.
Religion; Christian.
Attributes: Usually shown as a man penetrated in the body with arrows.


Saint John the Evangelist.

Born:
AD 15th century AD 100 Venerated in Coptic Orthodox.

Roman Catholic Church
Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Orthodox Church
Anglican Communion.

Aglipavan Church Feast 27th Dec (Western Christianity); 8th May and 26th September.
(Repose) Eastern Orthodox Church)
Attributes: Often shown with an eagle, Chalice, Scrolls.
Major works; Gospel of John, Epistles of John and Revelation.

Saint Mary the Virgin.

Born:
September 8th (traditional; Nativity of Mary) 18 century BC

Home town; Nazareth, Galilee.

Family: Spouse: Joseph.
             Children: Jesus (undisputed according to the bible, Qur'an and some denominatinal tradition)

Parents; unknown Joachim and Anne (highly disputed, according to apocryphal gospels and some denominational traditions)

Attributes: Woman, single or holding child
.
SAINT WINNOLD.

Old English
form of Winwaloe, Gunwalloe or Guenole. A Breton name which means “he who is fair”. Saint Winnold was a 6th century Cornish saint. He was the son of a prince and a holy woman called Gwen who is supposed to have had three breasts as a sign of God’s favour (almost certainly a confusion with some local pagan deity).His family fled to Brittany to avoid the Saxons, and this is where he grew up.
He founded an abbey, and his Rule was the standard one for monks until Saint Benedict.His feast day is the 3rd of March.
According to English weather folklore, this day of the year is supposed to be especially windy, as seen in this piece of
verse:“First comes David, Next comes Chad!Then comes Winnold, roaring like mad”.(St David’s Day is the first day of March and St Chad’s Day is the second day).


Saint Margaret of Antioch.

Margaret, Virgin Martyr during the persecutions of the reign of Emperor Diocletian, A.D. 304.

Margaret is called Marina in the East. Devotion to her was brought to the West by returning crusaders and she became one of the most popular saints in England. In Norfolk, many churches are dedicated to her honour.

the legend is that Margaret was the daughter of a pagan priest at Antioch in Pisanda. The imperial prefect of the Province, Olybrius, wanted to take her to live with him. When she refused, he denounced her as a Christian and put her in prison, threatening to kill her if she did not change her mind!
By night, in the prison, Satan appeared to her in the form of a dragon. She had no weapon but a cross in her hand. This she plunged down the dragon's throat and choked him. Hence, her emblem is the Dragon's head with a sword down its throat, the hilt being in the form of a cross, Margaret was beheaded on the following morning.

Her feast day is July 20th.


Saint Walstan with the Silver Shoes.

Saint Walstan, the saint with silver shoes, a 10th/11th century patron saint to the Agriculture and Farm Labourers fraternity, said to be born in Bawburgh! Pilgrims have been visiting this church for well over 1000 years and his own Saint Walstan Day is celebrated 30th May.


 
Saint Peter,

Saint Peter is often depicted in Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox paintings and other artwork as holding a key or a set of keys. The general layout of St Peter's Basilica also is roughly key-shaped; evocative of the keys entrusted to Saint Peter.



Saint Appolonia, whose intercussions were especially efficacious against toothache, is vividly represented holding a formidable molar in a pair of Pincers.

Saint Apollonia Coptic, : Ϯⲁⲅⲓⲁ Ⲁⲡⲟⲗⲗⲟⲛⲓⲁ) was one of a group of virgin martyrs who suffered in Alexandra during a local uprising against the Christians prior to the persecution of Decius. According to legend, her torture included having all of her teeth violently pulled out or shattered. For this reason, she is popularly regarded as the patroness of dentistry and those suffering from toothache or other dental problems. French court painter Jehan Fouquet painted the scene of St. Apollonia's torture in The Martyrdom of St. Apollonia.

The third-century martyr Saint Appolonia, who was burned alive after having her teeth ripped out.

There are 52 known images of her in various English churches that survived the ravages of the 16th century Comissioners. These are concentrated in Devon and East Anglia,barton Turf, Docking, Horsham Saint Faith, Ludham, Sandringham and one Norwich over the Water disused church. Most of these images are on the panels of rood screens or featured in stained glass with only one being a stone capital (Stokeinteignhead, Devon). She is also depicted in a tapestry of circa 1499 at Saint Mary's Guildhall, Coventry.

 
The image of Saint Apollonia, is the side support of the arms of the B.D.A. British Dental Association.
Saint Catherine.

According to the traditional narrative, Catherine was the daughter of Constus, the governor of Egyptian Alexandria during the reign of the emperor Maximilla (286–305). From a young age she devoted herself to study. A vision of the Madonna and Child persuaded her to become a Christian. When the persecutions began under Maxentius, she went to the emperor and rebuked him for his cruelty. The emperor summoned 50 of the best pagan philosophers and orators to dispute with her, hoping that they would refute her pro-Christian arguments, but Catherine won the debate. Several of her adversaries, conquered by her eloquence, declared themselves Christians and were at once put to death.
Catherine was then scourged and imprisoned. She was scourged so cruelly and for so long, that her whole body was covered with wounds, from which the blood flowed in streams. The spectators wept with pity; but Catherine, strengthened by God, stood with her eyes raised to heaven, without giving a sign of suffering or fear. He ordered her to be imprisoned without food, so she would starve to death. During the confinement, angels tended her wounds with salve. Catherine was fed daily by a dove from Heaven and Christ also visited her, encouraging her to fight bravely, and promised her the crown of everlasting glory.

During her imprisonment, over 200 people came to see her, including Maxentius' wife, Valeria Maximilla; all converted to Christianity and were subsequently martyred 12 days later, when the dungeon was opened, a bright light and fragrant perfume filled it, and Catherine came forth even more radiant and beautiful.

Upon the failure of Maxentius to make Catherine yield by way of torture, he tried to win the beautiful and wise princess over by proposing marriage. The saint refused, declaring that her spouse was Jesus Christ, to whom she had consecrated her virginity.

The furious emperor condemned Catherine to death on a spiked breaking wheel, but, at her touch, it shattered. Maxentius ordered her to be beheaded. Catherine herself ordered the execution to commence. A milk-like substance rather than blood flowed from her neck.

Saint Maurice,

(died c. 286, Agaunum, near Geneva; feast day September 22), Christian soldier whose alleged martyrdom, with his comrades, inspired a cult still practiced today. Among those martyred with him were SS. Vitalis, Candidus, and Exuperius. He is the patron saint of the Vatican’s Swiss Guard.

Their story was recorded in the Passio martyrum Acaunensium (“The Passion of the Martyrs of Agaunum”), by the 5th-century French bishop St. Eucherius, who believed that the Theban Legion was a group of Egyptian Christians serving in the Roman army under the command of Maurice (Latin Mauritius). Ironically, they were sent by Maximian (later Roman emperor) to help quash a revolt of Christian peasants in Gaul. The legion met Maximian at Octodurum (now Martigny, Switz.), but they refused to fight against their brethren and withdrew in protest to Agaunum. There Maximian twice had one man in 10 executed, and finally the entire group was put to death.

Study of the legend was stimulated by excavations (1944–49) at Saint-Maurice-en-Valais. In 1956 an analysis of the Passio by D. van Berchem, a specialist in the history of the Roman army, appeared, claiming that the prime source for the author of the Passio was an oral account given by a 4th-century Oriental bishop, Theodore of Octodurum, who brought from the East the legend of one St. Maurice who suffered martyrdom with 70 soldiers under his command. Van Berchem claimed that the soldiers were neither Thebans nor an entire legion.

The cult of St. Maurice and the Theban Legion is found in Switzerland, along the Rhine, and in northern Italy. Around Theodore’s basilica, supposedly built by Theodore of Octodurum, was founded the Abbey of St. Maurice, presumably by c. 524. Prince St. Sigismund of Burgundy ordered that the laus perennis, or unbroken chant, be practiced there. Maurice’s relics are preserved at the Abbey of St. Maurice at Brzeg, Pol., and at Turin, Italy.

Saint James the Less.

James may be he whose mother, Mary (not the mother of Jesus), is mentioned among the women at Jesus' crucifixion and tomb (Mark 15:40, 16:1; Matthew 27:56). He is not to be confused with the apostle St. James the Greater, son of Zebedee, or St. James, the Lord's brother, who was not one of the Twelve. James, son of Alphaeus is often identified with James the Less, who is only mentioned four times in the Bible, each time in connection with his mother. (Mark 15:40) refers to "Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses", while (Mark 16:1) and (Matthew 27:56) refer to "Mary the mother of James".


James the Less is a figure of Early Christianity. He is also called "the Minor", "the Little", "the Lesser", or "the Younger", according to translation. He is not to be confused with James, son of Zebedee ("James the Great").

https://www.britannica.com/biography/St-James-the-Less
Below, Saint James, "Club".
Saint Christopher.

There are several legends associated with the life and death of Saint Christopher which first appeared in Greece and had spread to France by the 9th century.The 11th-century bishop and poet Walter of Speyer gave one version, but the most popular variations originated from the 13th-century Golden Legend.

According to the legendary account of his life Christopher was initially called Reprobus.He was a Canaanite, 5 cubits (7.5 feet (2.3 m)) tall and with a fearsome face. While serving the king of Canaan, he took it into his head to go and serve "the greatest king there was". He went to the king who was reputed to be the greatest, but one day he saw the king cross himself at the mention of the devil. On thus learning that the king feared the devil, he departed to look for the devil. He came across a band of marauders, one of whom declared himself to be the devil, so Christopher decided to serve him. But when he saw his new master avoid a wayside cross and found out that the devil feared Christ, he left him and enquired from people where to find Christ. He met a hermit who instructed him in the Christian faith. Christopher asked him how he could serve Christ. When the hermit suggested fasting and prayer, Christopher replied that he was unable to perform that service. The hermit then suggested that because of his size and strength Christopher could serve Christ by assisting people to cross a dangerous river, where they were perishing in the attempt. The hermit promised that this service would be pleasing to Christ.

After Christopher had performed this service for some time, a little child asked him to take him across the river. During the crossing, the river became swollen and the child seemed as heavy as lead, so much that Christopher could scarcely carry him and found himself in great difficulty. When he finally reached the other side, he said to the child: "You have put me in the greatest danger. I do not think the whole world could have been as heavy on my shoulders as you were." The child replied: "You had on your shoulders not only the whole world but Him who made it. I am Christ your king, whom you are serving by this work." The child then vanished. Christopher later visited Lycia and there comforted the Christians who were being martyred. Brought before the local king, he refused to sacrifice to the pagan gods. The king tried to win him by riches and by sending two beautiful women to tempt him. Christopher converted the women to Christianity, as he had already converted thousands in the city. The king ordered him to be killed. Various attempts failed, but finally Christopher was beheaded. Often seen in many churches in ancient murals on their walls, no matter what dedication of their Saint.
Hilda of Whitby,

an abbess there during the Anglo-Saxon period. She was revered for her learning and leadership, and shows that there were spaces in the Anglo-Saxon world for women to take centre-stage.
We also learn about these three men, seldom seen but are at Suffield Church, they are: Longinus the repentant soldier of the Crucifixion; Julian, a 3rd-century nobleman who did penance for a terrible crime by devoting his life to ferrying pilgrims across a dangerous stream; and John Schorn, a rector who won a wide reputation as a worker of miracles in Buckinghamshire 700 years ago; he is shown there thrusting his hand into a boot to illustrate his chief miracle, "Sir John Schorn, Gentleman born, Conjured the devil into a boot."

Saint Erkenwald,

Erkenwald was born at Lindsey in Lincolnshire, and was supposedly of royal ancestry. Erkenwald gave up his share of family money to help establish two Benedictine abbeys, Chertsey Abbey in Surrey in 661 for men, and Barking Abbey for women His sister, Aethelburg, was Abbess of Barking, while he served asAbbot of Chertsey.

In 675, Erkenwald became the Bishop of London



Aethelthryth

was probably born in Exning near Newmarket in Suffolk. She was one of the four saintly daughters of Anna of East Anglia, including Wedreda and Seaxburn of Ely, all of whom eventually retired from secular life and founded abbeys.

Aethelthryth made an early first marriage in around 652 to Tondberct, chief or prince of the South Gyrwe. She managed to persuade her husband to respect her vow of perpetual virginity that she had made prior to their marriage. Upon his death in 655, she retired to the Isle of Ely, which she had received from Tondberct as a morning gift.

Aethelthryth was subsequently remarried for political reasons in 660, this time to Ecgfrith of Northumbria. Shortly after his accession to the throne in 670, Aethelthryth became a nun. This step possibly led to Ecgfrith's long quarrel with Wilfrid bishop of York. One account relates that while Ecgfrith initially agreed that Aethelthryth should continue to remain a virgin, in about 672 he wished to consummate their marriage and even attempted to bribe Wilfrid to use his influence on the queen to convince her. This tactic failed and the king tried to take his queen from the cloister by force.Aethelthryth then fled back to Ely with two faithful nuns and managed to evade capture, thanks in part to the miraculous rising of the tide. Another version of the legend related that she halted on the journey at 'Stow' and sheltered under a miraculously growing ash tree which came from her staff planted in the ground. Stow came to be known as 'St Etheldred's Stow', when a church was built to commemorate this event. It is more likely that this 'Stow' actually refers to another fairnear Threekingham Ecgfrith later married Eormenburg and expelled Wilfrid from his kingdom in 678. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Aethelthryth founded a double monastery at Ely in 673, which was later destroyed in the Danish invasion of 870.

Aethelthryth appears in a stained glass window in Great Melton Church, Norfolk.
Saint Dominic de la Calzada.

Miracles are attributed to Dominic, among them the healing of a French Knight who had been possessed by the Devil and who was freed of his affliction by visiting the sepulcher of the saint. Another concerns the healing of a German pilgrim named Bernard in the fifteenth century, who was cured of an affliction of the eyes by visiting the saint's tomb. Another concerns the healing of a blind Norman who was cured when he visited the cathedral.

The most famous miracle, however, concerns that of the rooster and the chicken, which is said to have taken place at Santo Domingo de la Calzada. The story goes that in the 14th century, a German 18-year-old named Hugonell, from Xanten, goes on pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela with his parents. A Spanish girl at the hostel where they were staying makes sexual advances toward Hugonell; Hugonell rejects her advances. Angry at this, the girl hides a silver cup in the German's bag and then informs the authorities that the youth had taken it. Hugonell is sentenced to the gallows, in accordance with the laws of Alfonso X of Castile.

The parents sadly decide to examine their son's body, still hanging on the gallows, but suddenly hear his voice –he tells them that Saint Dominic has saved his life. His parents quickly make their way to Santiago de Compostela to see the magistrate. The magistrate, who is at the time eating dinner, remarks: "Your son is as alive as this rooster and chicken that I was feasting on before you interrupted me." And in that moment, the two birds jump from the plate and begin to sing and crow happily.
Saints Domingo

Saint Martin de Porres Velázquez, O.P.

(December 9, 1579 – November 3, 1639), was a Peruvian lay brother of the Dominican Order who was beautified in 1837 by Pope Gregory XVI and canonised in 1962 by Pope John XXIII. He is the patron saint of mixed-race people, barbers, innkeepers, public health workers, and all those seeking racial harmony.And is often seen with a broom.

He was noted for his work on behalf of the poor, establishing an orphanage and a chidren's hospital. He maintained an austere lifestyle, which included fasting and abstaining from meat. Among the many miracles attributed to him were those of levitation, bilocation, miraculous knowledge, instantaneous cures, and an ability to communicate with animals.




The Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint. Ethelbert are joint patrons of Hereford Cathedral, where the music for the Office of Saint Ethelbert survives in the thirteenth-century Hereford Breviary in East Anglia, Saint Ethelbert's Gate is one of the two main entrances to the precinct of Norwich Cathedral. The chapel at Albrightestone, at a location near an important excavated Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Boss Hall in Ipswich Ipswich, was dedicated to Aethelberht. In Wiltshire, the Church of England parish church at Luckington is dedicated to Saint Mary and St Ethelbert. In Norfolk, the Church of England parish churches at Alby, East Wretham, Larling, Thurton, Mundham and Burnham Sutton (where there are remains of the ruined church) and the Suffolk churches at Falkenham, Hessett, Herringswell and Tannington are all dedicated to the saint. In neighbouring Essex, the parish church at Belchamp Otten is dedicated to St Ethelbert and All Saints, and the church at Stanway, originally an Anglo-Saxon chapel, is dedicated to St Albright, which is believed to be the same saint. In 1937, St Ethelbert's name was added to the parish church of St George in East Ham, London, at the behest of Hereford Cathedral which had funded the rebuilding of the church, previously a temporary wooden structure.

Saint Agatha,

He expected her to give in to his demands when she was faced with torture and possible death, but she simply reaffirmed her belief in God by praying: "Jesus Christ, Lord of all, you see my heart, you know my desires. Possess all that I am. I am your sheep: make me worthy to overcome the devil." With tears falling from her eyes, she prayed for courage. To force her to change her mind, Quintianus sent Agatha to Aphrodisia, the keeper of a brothel, and had her imprisoned there. Agatha never lost her confidence in God, even though she suffered a month of rape, assault, and efforts to get her to abandon her vow to God and go against her virtue. Quintianus sent for her again, argued, threatened, and finally had her put in prison and had her tortured. She was stretched on a rack to be torn with iron hooks, burned with torches, and whipped. Amongst the tortures she underwent was the cutting off of her breasts with pincers. After further dramatic confrontations with Quintianus, represented in a sequence of dialogues in her passio that document her fortitude and steadfast devotion, Saint Agatha was then sentenced to be burnt at the stake, but an earthquake saved her from that fate; instead, she was sent to prison where Saint Peter appeared to her and healed her wounds. Saint Agatha died in prison, probably in the year 251 according to the Legenda Aurea. Although the martyrdom of Saint Agatha is authenticated, and her veneration as a saint had spread beyond her native place even in antiquity, there is no reliable information concerning the details of her death.

Saint John.

AD 6 – c. 100) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus according to the New Testament, which refers to him as Ἰωάννης. Generally listed as the youngest apostle, he was the son of Zebedee and Salome or Joanna. His brother was James, who was another of the Twelve Apostles. The Church Fathers identify him as John the Evangelist, John of Patmos, John the Elder and the Beloved Disciple, and testify that he outlived the remaining apostles and that he was the only one to die of natural causes. The traditions of most Christian denominations have held that John the Apostle is the author of several books of the New Testament.