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Saints A-Z
A quick rule: Saint Simon Zelotes, (Saw and Book), Saint Matthew, (with sword pointing downwards), Saint James the less, (with Club), Saint Jude, (with Boat), Saint James the Greater, (with Book and Scallop Shell), Saint Andrew, (with Saltire Cross), Saint Peter (with Keys), Saint John, (with Chalice), Saint Bartholomew, (with Knife), Saint Matthias, (with Axe) Saint Philip, (with Loaves), and Saint Thomas, (with Spear).

Agnes of Rome,

(c. 291- 304) known as being a Virgin Martyr, venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, the Anglican Communion and Lutheranism. She is one of the seven women who along with the Blessed Virgin, are commemorated by name in the Canon of the Mass. She is patron saint of chastity.

Agnes is depicted in art with a lamb, from the Latin word word for "Lamb", agnus.

She is also is also shown with a martyr's hand.

Agnes' feast day is January 21st.

In pre-1970 versions of the General Roman Calendar .


Saint Andrew,

Born 5 B.C
Place: Galilee, Roman Empire.
Died Mid- to late 1st century.
Patras, Achaia, Roman Empire.
Venerated in all of Christianity, canonised Apostolic age by Pre-congregation Major shrine Duomo Cathedral in Amafi, Italy.  Saint Andrew's Cathedral, Patras, Greece; Saint Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh, Scotland; the Church of Saint Andrew and Saint Albert, Warsaw, Poland.
Feast 30th November.
Attributes: Old man with long hair and beard, holding the gospel book or scroll, sometimes leaning on a saltire, fishing net.
Patronage: Scotland Barbados, Georgia, Ukraine, Russia, Sicily, Greece, Cyprus, Romania, Patras, San Andre's (Tenerife), Diocese of Paranague, Telhado (pt), Amalfi, Luga (Malta) and Prussia: Diocese of Victoria;  fishermen, fishmongers and rope-makers, textile workers, singers, miners, pregnant women, butchers, farm workers, protection against sore throats, protection against convulsions, protection against fever, protection against whooping cough.


Saint Edmund.

Reign.
25th December 855 (Traditionally) to 20 November 869 or (870)
Predecessor: Ethelweard.
Successor: Oswald
Born; around 841.
Died: Killed in Battle 20th November 869 or (870)
House: Unknown.
Father: Possibly Aethenweard.
Religion; Christian.
Attributes: Usually shown as a man penetrated in the body with arrows.


Saint John the Evangelist.

Born:
AD 15th century AD 100 Venerated in Coptic Orthodox.

Roman Catholic Church
Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Orthodox Church
Anglican Communion.

Aglipavan Church Feast 27th Dec (Western Christianity); 8th May and 26th September.
(Repose) Eastern Orthodox Church)
Attributes: Often shown with an eagle, Chalice, Scrolls.
Major works; Gospel of John, Epistles of John and Revelation.

Saint Mary the Virgin.

Born:
September 8th (traditional; Nativity of Mary) 18 century BC

Home town; Nazareth, Galilee.

Family: Spouse: Joseph.
             Children: Jesus (undisputed according to the bible, Qur'an and some denominatinal tradition)

Parents; unknown Joachim and Anne (highly disputed, according to apocryphal gospels and some denominational traditions)

Attributes: Woman, single or holding child
.
SAINT WINNOLD.

Old English
form of Winwaloe, Gunwalloe or Guenole. A Breton name which means “he who is fair”. Saint Winnold was a 6th century Cornish saint. He was the son of a prince and a holy woman called Gwen who is supposed to have had three breasts as a sign of God’s favour (almost certainly a confusion with some local pagan deity).His family fled to Brittany to avoid the Saxons, and this is where he grew up.
He founded an abbey, and his Rule was the standard one for monks until Saint Benedict.His feast day is the 3rd of March.
According to English weather folklore, this day of the year is supposed to be especially windy, as seen in this piece of
verse:“First comes David, Next comes Chad!Then comes Winnold, roaring like mad”.(St David’s Day is the first day of March and St Chad’s Day is the second day).


Saint Margaret of Antioch.

Margaret, Virgin Martyr during the persecutions of the reign of Emperor Diocletian, A.D. 304.

Margaret is called Marina in the East. Devotion to her was brought to the West by returning crusaders and she became one of the most popular saints in England. In Norfolk, many churches are dedicated to her honour.

the legend is that Margaret was the daughter of a pagan priest at Antioch in Pisanda. The imperial prefect of the Province, Olybrius, wanted to take her to live with him. When she refused, he denounced her as a Christian and put her in prison, threatening to kill her if she did not change her mind!
By night, in the prison, Satan appeared to her in the form of a dragon. She had no weapon but a cross in her hand. This she plunged down the dragon's throat and choked him. Hence, her emblem is the Dragon's head with a sword down its throat, the hilt being in the form of a cross, Margaret was beheaded on the following morning.

Her feast day is July 20th.


Saint Walstan with the Silver Shoes.

Saint Walstan, the saint with silver shoes, a 10th/11th century patron saint to the Agriculture and Farm Labourers fraternity, said to be born in Bawburgh! Pilgrims have been visiting this church for well over 1000 years and his own Saint Walstan Day is celebrated 30th May.


 
Saint Peter,

Saint Peter is often depicted in Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox paintings and other artwork as holding a key or a set of keys. The general layout of St Peter's Basilica also is roughly key-shaped; evocative of the keys entrusted to Saint Peter.



Saint Appolonia, whose intercussions were especially efficacious against toothache, is vividly represented holding a formidable molar in a pair of Pincers.

Saint Apollonia Coptic, : Ϯⲁⲅⲓⲁ Ⲁⲡⲟⲗⲗⲟⲛⲓⲁ) was one of a group of virgin martyrs who suffered in Alexandra during a local uprising against the Christians prior to the persecution of Decius. According to legend, her torture included having all of her teeth violently pulled out or shattered. For this reason, she is popularly regarded as the patroness of dentistry and those suffering from toothache or other dental problems. French court painter Jehan Fouquet painted the scene of St. Apollonia's torture in The Martyrdom of St. Apollonia.


 
Saint Catherine.

According to the traditional narrative, Catherine was the daughter of Constus, the governor of Egyptian Alexandria during the reign of the emperor Maximilla (286–305). From a young age she devoted herself to study. A vision of the Madonna and Child persuaded her to become a Christian. When the persecutions began under Maxentius, she went to the emperor and rebuked him for his cruelty. The emperor summoned 50 of the best pagan philosophers and orators to dispute with her, hoping that they would refute her pro-Christian arguments, but Catherine won the debate. Several of her adversaries, conquered by her eloquence, declared themselves Christians and were at once put to death.
Catherine was then scourged and imprisoned. She was scourged so cruelly and for so long, that her whole body was covered with wounds, from which the blood flowed in streams. The spectators wept with pity; but Catherine, strengthened by God, stood with her eyes raised to heaven, without giving a sign of suffering or fear. He ordered her to be imprisoned without food, so she would starve to death. During the confinement, angels tended her wounds with salve. Catherine was fed daily by a dove from Heaven and Christ also visited her, encouraging her to fight bravely, and promised her the crown of everlasting glory.

During her imprisonment, over 200 people came to see her, including Maxentius' wife, Valeria Maximilla; all converted to Christianity and were subsequently martyred 12 days later, when the dungeon was opened, a bright light and fragrant perfume filled it, and Catherine came forth even more radiant and beautiful.

Upon the failure of Maxentius to make Catherine yield by way of torture, he tried to win the beautiful and wise princess over by proposing marriage. The saint refused, declaring that her spouse was Jesus Christ, to whom she had consecrated her virginity.

The furious emperor condemned Catherine to death on a spiked breaking wheel, but, at her touch, it shattered. Maxentius ordered her to be beheaded. Catherine herself ordered the execution to commence. A milk-like substance rather than blood flowed from her neck.

Saint Maurice,

(died c. 286, Agaunum, near Geneva; feast day September 22), Christian soldier whose alleged martyrdom, with his comrades, inspired a cult still practiced today. Among those martyred with him were SS. Vitalis, Candidus, and Exuperius. He is the patron saint of the Vatican’s Swiss Guard.

Their story was recorded in the Passio martyrum Acaunensium (“The Passion of the Martyrs of Agaunum”), by the 5th-century French bishop St. Eucherius, who believed that the Theban Legion was a group of Egyptian Christians serving in the Roman army under the command of Maurice (Latin Mauritius). Ironically, they were sent by Maximian (later Roman emperor) to help quash a revolt of Christian peasants in Gaul. The legion met Maximian at Octodurum (now Martigny, Switz.), but they refused to fight against their brethren and withdrew in protest to Agaunum. There Maximian twice had one man in 10 executed, and finally the entire group was put to death.

Study of the legend was stimulated by excavations (1944–49) at Saint-Maurice-en-Valais. In 1956 an analysis of the Passio by D. van Berchem, a specialist in the history of the Roman army, appeared, claiming that the prime source for the author of the Passio was an oral account given by a 4th-century Oriental bishop, Theodore of Octodurum, who brought from the East the legend of one St. Maurice who suffered martyrdom with 70 soldiers under his command. Van Berchem claimed that the soldiers were neither Thebans nor an entire legion.

The cult of St. Maurice and the Theban Legion is found in Switzerland, along the Rhine, and in northern Italy. Around Theodore’s basilica, supposedly built by Theodore of Octodurum, was founded the Abbey of St. Maurice, presumably by c. 524. Prince St. Sigismund of Burgundy ordered that the laus perennis, or unbroken chant, be practiced there. Maurice’s relics are preserved at the Abbey of St. Maurice at Brzeg, Pol., and at Turin, Italy.

Saint James the Less.

James may be he whose mother, Mary (not the mother of Jesus), is mentioned among the women at Jesus' crucifixion and tomb (Mark 15:40, 16:1; Matthew 27:56). He is not to be confused with the apostle St. James the Greater, son of Zebedee, or St. James, the Lord's brother, who was not one of the Twelve. James, son of Alphaeus is often identified with James the Less, who is only mentioned four times in the Bible, each time in connection with his mother. (Mark 15:40) refers to "Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses", while (Mark 16:1) and (Matthew 27:56) refer to "Mary the mother of James".


James the Less is a figure of Early Christianity. He is also called "the Minor", "the Little", "the Lesser", or "the Younger", according to translation. He is not to be confused with James, son of Zebedee ("James the Great").

https://www.britannica.com/biography/St-James-the-Less
Below, Saint James, "Club".
Saint Christopher.

There are several legends associated with the life and death of Saint Christopher which first appeared in Greece and had spread to France by the 9th century.The 11th-century bishop and poet Walter of Speyer gave one version, but the most popular variations originated from the 13th-century Golden Legend.

According to the legendary account of his life Christopher was initially called Reprobus.He was a Canaanite, 5 cubits (7.5 feet (2.3 m)) tall and with a fearsome face. While serving the king of Canaan, he took it into his head to go and serve "the greatest king there was". He went to the king who was reputed to be the greatest, but one day he saw the king cross himself at the mention of the devil. On thus learning that the king feared the devil, he departed to look for the devil. He came across a band of marauders, one of whom declared himself to be the devil, so Christopher decided to serve him. But when he saw his new master avoid a wayside cross and found out that the devil feared Christ, he left him and enquired from people where to find Christ. He met a hermit who instructed him in the Christian faith. Christopher asked him how he could serve Christ. When the hermit suggested fasting and prayer, Christopher replied that he was unable to perform that service. The hermit then suggested that because of his size and strength Christopher could serve Christ by assisting people to cross a dangerous river, where they were perishing in the attempt. The hermit promised that this service would be pleasing to Christ.

After Christopher had performed this service for some time, a little child asked him to take him across the river. During the crossing, the river became swollen and the child seemed as heavy as lead, so much that Christopher could scarcely carry him and found himself in great difficulty. When he finally reached the other side, he said to the child: "You have put me in the greatest danger. I do not think the whole world could have been as heavy on my shoulders as you were." The child replied: "You had on your shoulders not only the whole world but Him who made it. I am Christ your king, whom you are serving by this work." The child then vanished. Christopher later visited Lycia and there comforted the Christians who were being martyred. Brought before the local king, he refused to sacrifice to the pagan gods. The king tried to win him by riches and by sending two beautiful women to tempt him. Christopher converted the women to Christianity, as he had already converted thousands in the city. The king ordered him to be killed. Various attempts failed, but finally Christopher was beheaded. Often seen in many churches in ancient murals on their walls, no matter what dedication of their Saint.
Hilda of Whitby, an abbess there during the Anglo-Saxon period. She was revered for her learning and leadership, and shows that there were spaces in the Anglo-Saxon world for women to take centre-stage.
We also learn about these three men, seldom seen but are at Suffield Church, they are: Longinus the repentant soldier of the Crucifixion; Julian, a 3rd-century nobleman who did penance for a terrible crime by devoting his life to ferrying pilgrims across a dangerous stream; and John Schorn, a rector who won a wide reputation as a worker of miracles in Buckinghamshire 700 years ago; he is shown here thrusting his hand into a boot to illustrate his chief miracle, "Sir John Schorn, Gentleman born, Conjured the devil into a boot."