Animals, Animals are often mentioned in the Bible. In the book of Genesis, for example, the serpent tempts Eve to eat forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden. For this, he is cursed and becomes a vile creature fated to crawl in the dust. Christian teaching uses the nature of animals to explain spiritual qualities. For example, in the face of death, Jesus surrendered to God's will with the meekness of a lamb.

Dog, Dogs are believed to be loyal, watchful and trustworthy. When a dog is linked to a particular person, these qualities become associated with that person. As in Glandford Church.

Dove, The dove is a symbol of purity and peace. In the Old Testament story of the Flood, a dove returns to Noah's ark with an olive branch to show that the waters were going down and that God had made peace with the world. When shown with a halo, a dove is also a symbol of the Holy Spirit.

Dragon, In Christian belief, the dragon is a symbol of the devil and therefore of evil. A struggle against the dragon represents a conflict with the powers of darkness. Defeated dragons are shown chained or trodden underfoot by the victor. In medieval legend, St George, the patron saint of England, was a Christian knight who killed a dragon that was terrorising the local population. The people then converted to Christianity.

Grapes and vines, Grapes symbolise the blood of Christ our Lord, and wine taken during the Last Supper and  Holy Communion. At the Last Supper he gave his Deisciples wine and told them to remember him. The vine and its branches represent Christ and his Disciples.

Hands, The hand is the most frequently symbolised part of the human body. It gives blessing, it is expressive. According to Aristotle, the hand is the "tool of tools." In general it is strength, power and protection.

Moon, In Revelation, St John also describes his vision of the Virgin Mary with the moon beneath her feet. The  crescent moon was a traditional symbol of chastity.

Palm Branch, The palm is an ancient symbol of victory in war. It then became a symbol of Christ's victory over death. When Christ entered Jerusalem shortly before his Crucifixion, he came in triumph and his followers greeted him with palm branches. Later he was arrested and killed, but three days later he rose from the dead. Christ's Resurrection is the central belief of the Christian faith.

Pelican, In legend, the pelican pecks at its breast to feed its young with its own blood if food is scarce. It is a symbol of unselfish love, charity and sacrifice, and therefore of Christ who gave his own life to save humankind from sin and death.

Plants, the plants found in churches etc, stainned glass windows, pew poppy-heads, sacred objects and images, etc ivy, vines, floral designs, are often mentioned in the bible.

Sheep and Lamb, Sheep represent vulnerable human beings who need the guidance, care and protection of Christ, the Good Shepherd. The 'Lamb of God' symbolises the sacrifice that Christ made for humankind, since it was a Jewish custom to sacrifice lambs. The lamb also reflects Christ's innocence and the white fleece his purity. The lamb is sometimes shown holding a cross or a banner to signify Christ's victory over death through his Resurrection.

Shells, a symbol of Pilgrimage. (and to Saint James)

Snake and Serpent, Snakes and serpents are symbols of the devil. They are thought to be crafty and deceitful. Saints and angels, particularly the Archangel Michael, are often shown trampling snakes to show the triumph of good over evil. Snakes can also symbolise wisdom and the power to heal. They also recall the story in the Old Testament in which God transformed Moses' staff into a snake and back again to convince non-believers. As in Attleborough.

Sun and Moon Genesis, the first book of the Bible, tells us that God made the sun and moon on the fourth day of creation. They are symbols of the power of light to shine through the darkness, as good will shine over evil. Sun, The sun can also represent the radiance and glory of Christ as seen on this crucifix. In scenes of the Crucifixion, the moon is sometimes shown on the left of the cross and the sun on the right. This could refer to an early church teaching in which the Old Testament (moon) is lit by the New Testament (sun). Together, the sun and moon reflect the sorrow of all creation at Christ's death.

Wheat, Ears of wheat symbolise the body of Christ our Lord, The bread was part of the Last Supper, shared by Christ and his Desciples before his death. The bread taken during the service of Holy Communion. As in Ickburgh.

Winged Creatures, Birds and other winged creatures have come to represent certain aspects of Christian teaching. For example, the dove signifies the Holy Spirit and a dragon is a symbol of the devil.

Carved heads with closed eyes, shrunken lips and a "death-like appearance" 
Facing north - traditionally the dark or ‘devil’s side’ of the church - they could be figures of protection.