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Wooden Effigies



Wooden Effigies, of the 96 examples of these left in England, Norfolk is represented by just three. South Acre has a 4 feet 3 inches fragment of a figure, which has a jupon (a short close fittingsleeveless padded garment, used in the late 14th and early 15th centuries with armour. Also called: gipon or 'jupon' Circa 15th Century from Old French, from Old French jupe jumper) and therefore dates from the end of the 14th century, and Banham has an early 14th century figure. But at Fersfield, is one of the best in the country. Under cover now in glass, it is beautifully coloured and represents Sir Robert de Bois who died in 1311. The effigy wears a hauberk, (a close fitting coat of mail, over which is a head piece, mail hose and surcoat, and at its feet is a buck couchant ((of an animal) lying with the body resting on the legs and the head raised. An effigy is a representation of a specific person in the form of sculpture or some other three-dimensional medium. The use of the term is normally restricted to certain contexts in a somewhat arbitrary way: recumbent effigies on tombs are so called, but standing statues of individuals, or busts, are usually not. Likenesses of religious figures in sculpture are not normally called effigies. Effigies are common elements of funerary art, especiall as a recumbent effigy as at these three churches (in a lying position) in stone or metal placed on a tomb, or a less permanent "funeral effigy", placed on the coffin in a grand funeral, wearing real clothing.Figures, often caricatural in style, that are damaged, destroyed or paraded in order to harm the person represented by magical means, or merely to mock or insult them or their memory, are also called effigies. It is common to burn an effigy of a person (" burn in effigy") as an act of protest. The word is first documented in English in 1539 and comes, perhaps via French, from the Latin effigies, meaning "representation".This spelling was originally used in English for singular senses: even a single image was "the effigies of ...". (This spelling seems to have been later reanalyzed as a plural, creating the singular "effigy".) In effigie was probably understood as a Latin phrase until the 18th century.The word occurs in Shakespeare's As You Like It of 1600 (II, vii, 193), where scansion suggests that the second syllable is to be emphasized, as in the Latin pronunciation (but unlike the modern English pronunciation).

Wooden Effigies. Postcodes: Banham: NR16-2HN, Fersfield: IP22-2BC, South Acre: PE32-2AD.